Arquivo de 9 de Março, 2009

Programming environments for novices – lowering the barriers

http://coweb.cc.gatech.edu/mediaComp-plan/uploads/37/novice-envs2.pdf
Programming Environments for Novices

Mark Guzdial
College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology
guzdial@cc.gatech.edu
May 7, 2003

http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~caitlin/papers/NoviceProgSurvey.pdf
Lowering the Barriers to Programming: a
survey of programming environments and
languages for novice programmers


CAITLIN KELLEHER
Carnegie Mellon University
and
RANDY PAUSCH
Carnegie Mellon University

Since the early 1960’s, researchers have built a number of programming languages and environments with the intention of making programming accessible to a larger number of people. This paper presents a taxonomy of languages and environments designed to make programming more accessible to novice programmers of all ages. The systems are organized by their primary goal, either to teach programming or to use programming to empower their users, and then by the authors’ approach to making learning to program easier for novice programmers. The paper explains all categories in the taxonomy, provides a brief description of the systems in each category, and suggests some avenues for future work in novice programming environments and languages. (…)

Categories and Subject Descriptors: H5.2 [Information Interfaces and Presentation]: User Interfaces – Usercentered design; Interaction styles; Theory and methods; K.3 [Computing Milieux]: Computers and Education General Terms: Design, Languages, Human Factors Additional Key Words and Phrases: Human-computer interaction, Computer Science education, literacy, learning, problem solving

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Seymour Papert (e Quincy Jones) – Entrevistas (Educação, Música, TIC)

Descobri… quase por acaso.
Partilho.

http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=973801.973816

Interviews with Seymour Papert

Mov
Learning-rich entertainment (seymourpapert_1 video) Supplemental video to “Interviews with Seymour Papert”

Mov
Logo for children (seymourpapert_2 video) Supplemental video to “Interviews with Seymour Papert”

Mov
Technology in schools (seymourpapert_3 video) Supplemental video to “Interviews with Seymour Papert”

Mov
Home schooling (seymourpapert_4 video) Supplemental video to “Interviews with Seymour Papert”

 

ABSTRACT

The legendary Quincy Jones and Seymour Papert have graciously appeared on camera for interviews and joined the ACM Computers in Entertainment magazines editorial board. Quincy and Seymour are two of the nicest people to talk to and work with. Quincy talks about education as fun learning, the impact of music on children, how technology affects the way music is created and produced, and digital distribution of music over the Internet. Seymour speaks of learning-rich entertainment, Logo and computer programming for children, technology in schools and education, and the future of home schooling and learning environments.

Seymour Papert, a mathematician and an early pioneer of Artificial Intelligence, is internationally recognized as the seminal thinker on how computers can change learning. He is a cofounder with Marvin Minsky of the AI Lab at MIT and a founding faculty member of the MIT Media Lab, where he continues to work. Seymour collaborated for many years with Jean Piaget at the University of Geneva in Switzerland. He wrote many books including Mindstorms: Children, Computers, and Powerful Ideas. More information can be found at http://www.papert.org/

Quincy Jones, who composed more than 50 major motion picture and television scores, has earned international acclaim as producer of the best-selling single of all time and the best-selling album in the history of the recording industry. The all-time most nominated Grammy artist with a total of 76 nominations and 26 awards, Quincy has also received an Emmy Award, seven Oscar nominations, and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. More information can be found at http://www.quincyjonesmusic.com/

http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=973801.973815
Interviews with Quincy Jones


Mov
Education as fun learning (quincyjones_1 video) Supplemental video to “Interviews with Quincy Jones”

Mov
Music and children (quincyjones_2 video) Supplemental video to “Interviews with Quincy Jones”

Mov
Music and technology (quincyjones_3 video) Supplemental video to “Interviews with Quincy Jones”

Mov
Music and the Internet (quincyjones_4 video) Supplemental video to “Interviews with Quincy Jones”

Movie maker… Construcionismo…

Os alunos estão com vontade. Eu também.

No terceiro período os temas de Ciências da Natureza prestam-se à produção de documentos multimédia interessantes utilizando este recurso (acompanhados dos devidos relatórios escritos mais aprofundados, pois é importante desenvolver competências em todas as vertentes).

Não foi por acaso que decidi experimentar a ferramenta há dois dias, pela primeira vez, aproveitando um pretexto especial. Já há muito tempo que desejava fazê-lo, mas o tempo… esse maroto.
Preparo-me, pois, para mais umas aventuras com os alunos. (Eu lá consigo resistir-lhes! Depois é o que se vê… prejuízo no bolso, mas alegria no coração com o entusiasmo e motivação deles.)

Aproveitei também e coloquei nos blogues das turmas um trabalho feito no ano passado por um grupo de alunas do 8º ano (agora no 9º)… as minhas meninas da sala16 turminha de que fui professora e DT durante dois anos quando entrei nesta escola e onde experimentei pela primeira vez a utilização de blogues em contexto educativo. A verdade é que, sobretudo pela mão da Mónica, o blogue ainda se mantém vivo ao fim de todo este tempo. E recomenda-se…
Memórias doces.

Embora já tenha partilhado o vídeo há um ano, não resisto a fazê-lo de novo (tem um problema de acesso a partir do blogue da turma e a Mónica enviou-me novo endereço a meu pedido).

Um bom exemplo do que as TIC permitem quando abordadas numa perspectiva construcionista.

Seymour Papert defined constructionism in a proposal to the National Science Foundation entitled Constructionism: A New Opportunity for Elementary Science Education as follows:

ABSTRACT
The word constructionism is a mnemonic for two aspects of the theory os science education underlying this project. From constructivist theories of psychology we take a view of learning as a reconstruction rather than as a transmission of knowledge. Then we extend the idea of manipulative materials to the idea that learning is most effective when part of an activity the learner experiences as constructing a meaningful product. Specifically a set of new materials will be developed for learning science in elementary schools. The materials use a new cut across science, organizing many traditional concepts under the heading of motion science, information science and color science. The materials will be designed to make better use of the level of computers presence that is now becoming common in schools. The design of the new materials pays special attention to the role of affective, cultural and gender-related facets of learning science. The materials will be developed in an inner city public school in Boston and evaluated in a number of test sites at associated schools in several states for dissemination to schools covering the full range of socio- cultural variation in American education.
http://nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=8751190


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